The Pandavas were the five powerful and skilled sons of King Pandu of Hastinapur and his two wives, Kunti and Madri. Yudhishthira, Bhima, Arjuna, Nakula, and Sahadeva – these five Pandavas deserve the most praise in the Mahabharata.
The story of his birth is not only interesting but also surprising. Once King Pandu went to the forest to hunt with his wives. King Pandu saw a pair of deer there, who were deeply in love with each other.
When the king caught sight of the couple, he took out an arrow and aimed at the male deer and released the arrow. The arrow went straight into the deer’s chest. That deer was none other than the sage Kidamba in the guise of a deer. He cursed Pandu that he would die whenever he went close to a woman. Pandu apologized to Sage Kidamba, but by then he was dead.
Due to the curse, Pandu renounced the kingdom and requested his wives to return to the kingdom, but they refused. Kunti and Madri started living with King Pandu in the forest. He had no children at that time.
Kunti then told her husband that she had received a boon from sage Durvasa that she could invoke any god and get a child from him. Through the use of mantras given to Kunti by Durvasa, she invoked Yama, the god of righteousness, from whom she gave birth to Yudhishthira. She then got another son in the form of Bhima from Pawan Dev, Arjuna from Indra Dev. Thus he had three sons, but Madri did not have a single son, then Kunti taught Mantra Vidya to Madri as well.
With the help of mantras, Madri summoned the Ashwini Kumaras, who gave her Nakula and Sahadeva as sons. Thus, the five Pandavas were born. All the Pandavas received from the deities had received divine qualities just like the deities.